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We know from the archaeologists' discoveries that, long before historical history, wood was used for protection, tools, weapons, culinary tools and even decorative objects such as jewelry. However, significant progress in craftsmanship and design complexity awaited the availability of iron as a harder than wood cutter. At biblical times, we know that tool technology and working methods were significantly advanced, providing a solid foundation for later development.
The Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Woodworking was among the many arts that flourished and achieved a high degree of sophistication during the Renaissance. It was during the early Middle Ages, in the tenth to the fourteenth centuries, that woodworkers began to specialize, and various branches of the craft developed: sawmills, carvings, carpenters, carpenters and wood carvers. At this time, the various Craft Guilds were formed to promote the training of new workers and to protect their respective discipline-specific trade practices, information was often carefully monitored.
How tools were developed
The role of the tools. As the woodworking process advanced, it developed a parallel, supportive technology - tool making. Originally, woodworking tools were wood-colored with cutting metal edges; Even today, some of the most sought after tools are designed in this way. The late Middle Ages gave way to the industrial revolution which eventually made it possible to replace the traditional hand operations with machines. This change was opposed at the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by a strong arts-and-crafts movement in England, the United States and Russia. Proponents of this movement considered that machine-made woodwork degraded the worker and sought to emphasize the creativity, dignity and individuality of the craftsman. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, two divergent paths seem to emerge. Many woodworking professionals upgrade or replace their machines with Computer-Numerical-Control (CNC) equipment. Among many hobbyists, there is renewed interest in traditional working methods: hand-carved carpentry, decorative inlay, carved embellishments and hand-turned turning work.
What does the future have to offer?
The future. Wood, properly managed, is a "renewable resource." Fortunately, in recent years there has been increased awareness of the need to preserve the world's equatorial forests, where many of the finest deciduous and exotic specialist forests are located. Woodworkers are among the most dedicated of these conservationists. A whole subcategory of woodworking, using recycled wood sourced from old homes, barns and bridge timber, is thriving. Few materials offer the beauty, durability and usability of the wood as a construction medium. As all devoted woodworkers will explain, the joy and satisfaction that comes from practicing this challenging and rewarding craft is incomparable.